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WRITING A SCIENTIFIC LAB REPORT

TITLE PAGE

  1. Centered
  2. The effect of the IV on the DV.
  3. Full Name (First and Last)

 

ABSTRACT (single spaced)

    1. Summarizes the problem investigated, hypothesis, the methods used, the results and conclusion in 150-200 words.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

INTRODUCTION (Min. 4 pages double spaced)

  1. Explains to the reader what your investigation was about and provides them with background information on the subject and variables in the experiment.
  2. State the hypothesis.
  3. Give well-defined reason for making the hypothesis.
  4. Explain the biological or scientific importance of your experiment.
  5. Cite sources to substantiate background information.
  6. Explain how the method used will produce information relevant to your hypothesis.

MATERIALS AND METHOD (Min. 1-2 pages double spaced)

  1. Provides a detail account of how you carried out your investigation.
  2. Use the appropriate style.  Should be written in past tense not present tense.
  3. Do not write a recipe. Put your instructions in paragraph form.
  4. Give enough details so the reader could duplicate your experiment.
  5. State the control treatment, variables used, and patterns of replication.
  6. Include safety procedures and precautions necessary.
  7. Provide a figure to show the reader what your experiment design or apparatus looked like.

 

RESULTS

  1. Present data in an organized manner.
  2. Summarize the important data.
  3. Present data in an appropriate format (table, charts, pictures or graph)
  4. Label the axes of each graph completely.
  5. Give units of measurement where appropriate
  6. Write a description caption for each table, picture, diagram, or figure.
  7. Include a SHORT paragraph pointing out the important results but DO NOT interpret the data.
  1. DISCUSSION (min. 4 pages, double spaced)
  1. Interpret the results, explain their significance, and discuss any weaknesses of the experimental method or design.
  2. This is the most important section of your paper. Complete the introduction and results before writing this section of your paper.
  3. State whether the hypothesis was supported or proven false. To do this, cross-reference your results and your prediction from the introduction.
  4. Cite specific results the support your conclusions.
  5. Give the reasoning for your conclusions
  6. Demonstrate that you understand the biological or scientific meaning of your results.
  7. Compare the results with your predictions and explain any unexpected results.
  8. Compare the results with other research or information available to you.
  9. Discuss any weaknesses in your experimental design or problems with the execution of the experiment.
  10. Discuss how you might extend or improve your experiment.

 

CONCLUSION (1 - 2 paragraphs, double spaced)

  1. Conclusion can be stated in three sections of your report, the introduction, discussion and the conclusion.
  2. Restate and rephrase your conclusions. Try not to use the same sentences from the previous sections.
  3. Restate the important results.

APPENDIX

  1. Displays all figures, charts, graphs, or pictures. Each entry has a title, description and a number.
  2. Statistical Analysis: the entire mathematical portions of your project are shown here.
  3. Graphs and tables should reappear in this section.
  4. Make sure reader knows where in lab report to find pictures if you place them in the appendix section. Entries are in the order they appear in the report.
  5. Acknowledgements (don’t thank parents and teachers, unless they served as your mentor)

 

LITERATURE CITED

  1. Use proper citation form (APA)
  2. Use appropriate citation rules for quotes and paraphrasing.
  3. ABSOULTELY NO PILGRISM.